What Does a Real Estate Lawyer Do? 

What Does a Real Estate Lawyer Do?

Real estate transactions are pivotal moments in people’s lives, whether they are buying their dream home, investing in a commercial property, or negotiating complex real estate deals. These transactions involve significant financial investments and legal intricacies that can be overwhelming for individuals. 

That’s where a real estate lawyer comes in. With their expertise in real estate law, they play a vital role in ensuring the smooth and legally sound execution of these transactions, safeguarding the interests of their clients every step of the way.

Let’s get started and answer the question once and for all “What Does a Real Estate Lawyer Do!”

Who is a Real Estate Lawyer? 

A real estate lawyer is a legal professional who specialises in matters related to real estate. They are well-versed in the intricacies of property laws, regulations, and contracts. 

While real estate agents at companies like Modern Solutions Realty help clients find properties and negotiate low commission deals for a total 2% commission (1% to the buyer and 1% to the seller), real estate lawyers provide the crucial legal support necessary to protect their clients’ interests and ensure compliance with applicable laws and regulations.

What is the Role of a Real Estate Lawyer?

Real estate lawyers have a diverse range of responsibilities and duties. They conduct thorough due diligence for property purchases, ensuring clear titles and favourable purchase agreements. 

They provide crucial support in property sales, drafting contracts and resolving title issues. Additionally, they assist with financing matters, reviewing loan documents and guiding clients through foreclosure or default situations. 

To become a real estate attorney in Canada, individuals typically need to obtain a law degree, pass the bar examination, and possess a solid understanding of property law, contracts, and legal procedures. Specialization in real estate law may require additional coursework or certifications, depending on the jurisdiction.

Now, let’s dive deeper into: ‘What does a Real Estate lawyer do?’

Legal Support in Real Estate Transaction – The Basic Role

1. Assistance With Property Purchases

  • Due Diligence and Title Searches – Real estate lawyers conduct thorough due diligence, which involves researching and analysing property titles, liens, and encumbrances. This is especially important as we have seen a rise in clients buying properties without agents and with it, real estate fraud in the Greater Toronto Area.
  • Reviewing and Negotiating Purchase Agreements – Real estate lawyers review the purchase agreements to ensure that all legal and financial conditions are properly addressed. They negotiate the terms and conditions to protect their clients’ interests and ensure a fair and favourable agreement.
  • Facilitating the Closing Process – Real estate lawyers play a vital role in the closing process. They ensure that all legal and financial conditions are met exchange legal documents.

2. Support in Property Sales

  • Drafting and Reviewing Sales Contracts – Real estate lawyers assist in drafting comprehensive sales contracts that protect their client’s interests. They play a crucial role in reviewing and preparing legal documents, including sales contracts, to facilitate the smooth transfer of real property ownership and protect their clients from potential liabilities
  • Assisting with Disclosures and Potential Liabilities – Real estate lawyers help sellers disclose all relevant information about the property to potential buyers. They ensure that the sellers comply with legal obligations and avoid any future legal disputes arising from non-disclosure.
  • Resolving Title Issues or Disputes – In case of title issues or disputes, real estate lawyers investigate and resolve these matters. They work to clear any clouds on the title, address boundary disputes, or resolve any legal issues that could hinder the sale of the property.

3. Financing and Mortgage Matters

  • Reviewing Loan Documents and Advising on Financing Options – Real estate lawyers review Loan agreements, Promissory Notes, Mortgage or Deed of Trust, and other legal documents to ensure that their clients fully understand the terms and conditions of their mortgage. They provide guidance on financing options and help clients make informed decisions regarding their loan agreements.
  • Assisting with Mortgage Modifications or Refinancing – When clients seek to modify their mortgage terms or refinance their loans, real estate lawyers guide them through the legal implications and potential risks involved especially in the rising interest rate environment in Canada. They help negotiate favorable terms and ensure all necessary legal requirements are met.
  • Addressing Foreclosure or Default Issues – In cases of foreclosure or default, real estate lawyers assist clients in navigating the legal processes involved. They protect their clients’ rights and interests, ensuring that proper procedures are followed and exploring potential alternatives to foreclosure.

Real Estate Development and Zoning

Real estate attorneys are also involved in real estate development and zoning matters. They advise clients on land use and zoning regulations, helping them understand the permissible uses of the property and any restrictions that may apply. 

They assist in obtaining necessary permits, variances, and approvals for real estate projects, ensuring compliance with local regulations within your municipality or region.

Real estate lawyers play a crucial role in navigating the complex regulatory and administrative processes involved in real estate development, helping clients move forward with their projects smoothly and in compliance with the law.

Dispute Resolution and Litigation

Real estate transactions and property-related issues can sometimes lead to disputes or conflicts. In such cases, real estate lawyers play a crucial role in dispute resolution and litigation. 

They represent clients in negotiations, mediation, and other alternative dispute resolution methods to resolve conflicts amicably. If a resolution cannot be reached, real estate lawyers provide representation in litigation proceedings, advocating for their client’s interests in court. 

They handle various types of real estate disputes, including issues related to contracts, property boundaries, title disputes, landlord-tenant conflicts, and more.

Real estate lawyers use their expertise in real estate law and litigation strategies to protect their client’s rights and pursue the best possible outcome in legal proceedings.

Other Areas of Real Estate Laws

Here are other areas of real estate laws:

Lease Agreements and Landlord-Tenant Disputes 

Real estate lawyers assist in drafting and reviewing lease agreements, ensuring that all legal provisions are included to protect the rights and obligations of both landlords and tenants.

They also provide guidance and representation in resolving landlord-tenant disputes that may arise during the tenancy at the Ontario Land Tribunal (OLT).

Property Management and Condominium Law 

Real estate lawyers advise property owners and managers on legal matters related to property management, including compliance with local regulations, tenant rights, and handling disputes.

They also specialize in condominium law, assisting in the creation and administration of condominium associations and resolving legal issues related to condominium ownership.

Real Estate Tax Issues and Assessments

Real estate lawyers provide guidance on matters related to property taxes, including assessments, appeals, and exemptions.

They assist clients in understanding and navigating complex tax laws and regulations, ensuring compliance and optimizing tax strategies for their real estate holdings.


A real estate agent is a vital partner in navigating the complexities of real estate transactions and ensuring that your interests are protected. 

Whether you’re buying or selling property, dealing with zoning issues, resolving disputes, or managing legal aspects of your real estate investments, a knowledgeable and experienced real estate lawyer can provide invaluable guidance. 

With their expertise in real estate law, they serve as your advocate, ensuring that your rights are upheld and that you can proceed with confidence in your real estate endeavours.

Don’t underestimate the importance of having a trusted real estate lawyer by your side when dealing with these significant life decisions. 


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